Faience flower pot

  • 340 EUR

Artist/Maker: Gustave De Bruyn

Artist/Maker Dates: 1864 - 1962

Place of Production: France, Fives-Lille

Date of Production: end of 19th - beg. of 20th century

Materials: faience, underglaze hand painting

Style: Art Nouveau

Height: 17.0 cm.


Like new

Condition notes: Wear consistent with age and use


Antonio Gustave De Bruyn was born to a family of three generations of potters at Louvain in francophone Belgium, Gustave de Bruyn established a kiln at nearby Lille in France when he was 24. Originally located in the Lille neighborhood known as Petite Belgique. The de Bruyn pottery moved to the Fives-Lille quarter in 1864 and remained there for nearly a century, growing into a factory with some 300 workers. At first, the de Bruyn works made simple throwaway wares such as clay pipes, then expanded to include simple tablewares, and by 1887 began producing luxury goods such as richly decorated flower vases and jardinières. In 1889. the Universal Exhibition in Paris awarded de Bruyn a silver medal for art pottery. De Bruyn's commercial success attracted popular Nouveau artists such as Réné Lalique and Louis Majorelle to design avant-garde pieces for him. In 1917, a year after Gustave's death, in the depths of the devastation of northern France and Belgium by the First World War, the factory at Fives-Lille burned. Re-opened in the mid-1920s, the factory at Fives-Lille produced trendy Art Deco pieces for about a decade until closed again by the Depression.
The factory was sold in 1950 and briefly went back into production before closing permanently in 1962. Gustave de Bruyn is notable for patenting a method for glazing earthenware without the use of lead, in 1885, at a time when the health risks of lead-based glazes were beginning to emerge as a public concern. The de Bruyn factory also trained many important early French and Belgian Art Deco ceramicists, among them Louis Dage.

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