Beer stein with musical mechanism "Klapperstorch's musterlager"
Artist/Maker: Reinhold Hanke
Artist/Maker Dates: 1868 - 1983
Place of Production: Germany
Date of Production: beg. of 20th century
Materials: ceramics, metal, underglaze hand painting
Height: 27.0 cm.
Reinhold Hanke was born on the 7th November 1839 in Freudenham, Bohemia, a village near Decin, now situated in the Czech Republic. In 1853 he began teaching pottery forming. In 1858 he was apprenticed to Siderolithwarenfabrik Baer & Maresch in Bohemia. In 1863 he worked as a model maker for a Terracotta manufacturer in Saxony. He moved to Höhr in May, 1864, where he was briefly a modeller for Knödgen, Maxein & Company. In October 1864, he went into partnership with Ottmar Speyser to form Siderolithwaarenfabrik von Speyser und Hanke zu Höhr. 1867 saw Ottmar Speyser disappear, leaving Hanke with all the company debts. The new Stoneware factory of Reinhold Hanke was launched in 1868. He won prestigious orders to supply stoneware to Castle Eltz and Castle Stolzenfels in 1869. In 1873 he was the only Westerwalder exhibiting at the World Exhibition, held that year in Vienna. In the same year the factory received a visit from Kaiserin Augusta, wife of Kaiser Wilhelm I.
Honours were soon to follow.
Ernannt: Augusta, Deutsche Kaiserin und Königin von Preußen, Hoflieferant, 16/8/1876.
Appointed: Supplier to the Royal Court of Augusta, German Empress and Queen of Prussia, on the 16/8/1876.
When Hanke died on 22nd June 1886, his wife, Maria (née Krebs) ran the factory, until their sons, August (b.31st December 1875) & Carl (b.6th April 1872 - d.10th March 1908), were old enough to take over in 1901. Meanwhile August had studied during 1893 at the Königliche Porzellanmanufaktur, Berlin, and at the Munich Arts & Crafts College, through 1894. At some point, he supplied design/s to Reinhold Merkelbach. During 1912 and 1913 some of their products were also distributed via Steinzeugwerke Höhr Grenzhausen Gmbh. There was a disastrous fire at the factory on 1st & 2nd August 1921, when all the moulds were destroyed. August Hanke unsuccessfully attempted to rebuild his business, but he still produced some ceramics at a reduced level until he died on 27th September, 1938. The damaged factories were torn down and the site was subsequently redeveloped, but Rheinstraße 17 (this address was called Marktstraße 10 during 1935/36) was rented by Gerz-Krug- und Steinzeugmanufaktur Inhaber Jean Maas from around 1930, until 1965. The company of Reinhold Hanke remained registered at this address until around 1983.
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